The Power of Words

THE POWER OF WORDS
Analyzing Persuasive Text

TEKS

8.7- Understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the varied structural patterns and features of literary nonfiction and provide evidence from text to support understanding.  (A)Analyze passages in well-known speeches for the author’s purpose use of literary devices and word and phrase choice (aphorisms, epigraphs) to appeal to the audience.
8.8- Understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about how an author’s sensory language creates imagery in literary text and provide evidence from text to support understanding. Explain the effect of similes and extended metaphors in literary text
8.9- Analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about the author’s purpose in cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding.  Analyze works written on the same topic and compare how the authors achieved similar and different purposes.
8.10B- Distinguish factual claims from commonplace assertions and opinions and evaluate inferences from their logic in text.
8.11B- Analyze the use of such rhetorical and logical fallacies as loaded terms, caricatures, leading questions, false assumptions, and incorrect premises.
8.17- Write expository and procedural or work-related texts to communicate ideas and information to specific audiences for specific purposes.


As our world becomes all the more technology driven, the things we say and do become more permanent. Ask any celebrity who was photographed wearing a not-so-fashion-forward outfit, or made a questionable decision and it was caught on camera for the whole world to see. Or someone famous who, in a moment of haste, posted a derogatory comment on social media. The privacy we used to know, yet did not fully appreciate, is becoming non-existent. We are becoming defined by these little moments that make or break our reputation.
So the question I am charging you to answer is: No matter how important they may seem at the time, how powerful are our words?

Understanding:
-Communication can influence or be influenced by society, culture, and or context.
-Speeches provide perspective and understanding about the time period and circumstances during which they were written.
-Speeches provide the unique perspective of the author.
Essential Questions:
-What makes writing an effective means of communication?
-How do literary language and devices reflect the society, culture and content in which a piece was written?
-How do history and culture impact a writer’s perspective?
-How do history and culture impact a reader’s interpretation of a text?
-How is the struggle toward the American Dream portrayed in text?
Terms

  • Recognizing Facts and Opinions and Commonplace Assertions
  • Rhetorical Fallacies and Media Literacy
  • Aphorism
  • Epigraph
  • Literary Devices
  • ‚ÄčImagery
  • Sensory detail
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Hyperbole
  • Irony
  • Oxymoron

1) Compare and contrast persuasive texts that reached different conclusions about the same issue and explain how the authors reached their conclusions through analyzing the evidence each presents. (8.11B)

2) Make complex inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding in persuasive text. (Fig. 19D)

Analyzing Persuasive Text 
1) Persuasive Language Technique Cards- put in notebook
2) Persuasive Language in Famous Speeches

  • Winston Churchill- “We Shall Fight on the Beaches”
  • John F. Kennedy-Inagugural Address January 20, 1961
    Steve Jobs   Video
    J.K.Rowling  Video

    Questions to answer when analyzing persuasive text:
  • 1. What was the message of the speech?
  • 2. Who was the intended audience?
  • 3. What were the literary devices used? (aphorism, epigraph, imagery, hyperbole, irony, oxymoron, simile, metaphor, personification, idiom, allusion)
  • 4. What persuasive techniques were used? (fallacies, factual evidence, opinions, loaded terms, rhetocial questions, repetition, leading question, false assumption, incorrect premise, circular logic, non sequitar)
  • 5. What was the word choice used? (formal or informal; give examples)
  • 6. How do the literary devices, persuasive techniques, and/or word choice affect the message and appeal to the audience?
  • 7. How do the historical and cultural setting of the speech influence his/her values and beliefs?

 

3) Analyze the use of rhetorical and logical fallacies, loaded terms, caricatures, leading questions, false assumptions, and incorrect premises in persuasive texts. (8.11B)

4) Use comprehension skills to analyze how words images, graphics, and sounds work various forms to impact meaning.

  • "Persuasion is all around you!" powerpoint

5) Understand new vocabualry and use it when reading and writing.

  • American Presidents Context Clues (edmodo quiz)


 

Workshops/ DIYs
-Literary Devices (PowerPoint)- Rhetorical Fallacies and Media Literacy (required)
-Factual Claims, Commonplace Assertions, Opinions (DIY and progress check)
-Persuasive Language Notes (Readers Notebook DIY)
-Persuasion is All Around Us- DIY/Workshop
-Advertisements- Progress Check

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